The Negros Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba keayi is endemic to Negros and Panay and was described, named and illustrated in 1900 by British ornithologist William Clarke in an article entitled On some birds of the island of Negros, in the magazine The Ibis. It is categorized as critically endangered by IUCN, which means that it is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. This is mainly due to hunting and poaching. It is a popular cage bird that has the dangerous reputation of tasting good. It is extremely difficult to observe in the wild. I have never seen one in spite of several attempts, in particular in the Northwest Panay Peninsula Natural Park.
Here is what Clarke wrote in 1900: “Notwithstanding the extremely unsettled state of affairs in the Philippine Archipelago, my friend Mr. W. A. Keay returned to his sugar-plantation on the east coast of the island of Negros in February 1899, and remained there for several months, as he has done for the past twenty years. […] It is somewhat remarkable that this species should have remained so long undetected, for Mr. Keay tells me that he has known it for nearly twenty years, and has on several occasions kept examples in cages as pets. Mr. Keay further informs me that the bird is fairly common in the woods, but comes regularly to the river to drink, and is then captured by the ‘boys’. The native name is ‘Penes’. It gives me great pleasure to name this beautiful Pigeon after Mr. Keay, as a small recognition of the services he has rendered to Philippine ornithology.”